The Journal of Nutrition has published a study by researchers in the UK that shows that “superfoods” like dark chocolate, tea, berries and red wine which are rich in flavonoids can help in the fight against Type 2 diabetes.  Flavonoids are found in virtually all plants and can help protect against inflammation in the body as well as protecting blood vessels from damage.  Broccoli, apples, berries, kale and onions also have high concentrations of flavonoids.

The researchers studied 2000 volunteers who ate high amounts of flavonoids in their diet. Their blood samples were analysed and it was found that they had improved blood sugar regulation and lower resistance to insulin.

University of East Anglia’s Aedin Cassidy said that eating certain sub-groups of flavonoids can reduce inflammation associated with diabetes, obesity, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.

Whilst it is great to get your flavonoids through vegetables and fruit, you should exercise more caution with both chocolate and red wine limiting the latter to treats rather than consuming every day.

According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) diabetes affects 382 million people around the world and said that cases had risen by 4.4 per cent over the past two years.  The federation said the number of afflicted people may climb 55 per cent to 592 million by 2035.

It estimated that 5.1 million die every year because of diabetes and the majority of the cases involved people aged between 40 and 59.